Acute Coronary Syndrome is a term used to describe the clinical symptoms associated with acute myocardial ischemia, which results from the lack of sufficient blood supply to the heart muscles.
The doctor will ask further questions about the patient’s medical history to ascertain whether the symptoms of Acute Coronary Syndrome are present, and to determine whether the patient has a family history of heart problems, such as stroke, high blood cholesterol, hypertension, coronary artery disease, or related diseases such as diabetes.
Another method of diagnosis includes imaging and blood tests to determine the cause of the chest pain. Most hospital emergency rooms provide facilities for chest x-rays, as well as blood tests like myocardial markers, and even a D-dimer if the doctor suspects that the patient is suffering from a pulmonary embolism. The patient may also undergo telemetry, which is the monitoring of the heart rhythm, to determine the exact cause of the symptoms of chest pain.
The main goal in the emergency treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome is to allow the flow of blood to and from the heart to resume at a normal rate as soon as possible. The doctor may order the use of medications that stimulate the normal flow of blood, such as nitroglycerin and heparin. Patients who suffer from angina are generally prescribed pain relievers for chest pain, and are given oxygen to relieve shortness of breath.
The advances in medical techniques today are such that a full recovery is possible for a greater number of people who suffer from Acute Coronary Syndrome. The use of defibrillators are more common, advanced medical equipment is more available in public places, and there are more medical personnel available who know how to use them.