Acute Coronary Syndrome is a term used to describe the clinical symptoms associated with acute myocardial ischemia, which results from the lack of sufficient blood supply to the heart muscles.
There are a variety of ways that the medical community uses to diagnose Acute Coronary Syndrome. One is through the use of an electrocardiogram in the case of acute chest pain. An electrocardiogram measures the extent of heart damage and can be used as a reliable measure of the various causes of chest pain (angina), or to determine whether the patient has had a heart attack. For instance, it can pinpoint acute heart damage, as in the case of elevation in the ST segment, and the cardiologist may recommend treatment via an angioplasty procedure, or thrombolysis (thrombolytic therapy).