Acute Coronary Syndrome. Causes

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    Gary MacKenzie

    Acute Coronary Syndrome. Causes

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    Acute Coronary Syndrome is a term used to describe the clinical symptoms associated with acute myocardial ischemia, which results from the lack of sufficient blood supply to the heart muscles

    Acute Coronary Syndrome is a disease that develops over time stemming from a slow build-up of plaque that is composed of fatty deposits and cholesterol. This massive plaque coating that lines the coronary arteries is called atherosclerosis, and eventually, they prevent the heart from pumping the usual flow of oxygen-infused blood that the rest of the body needs, as well as preventing the heart from receiving the oxygen-rich blood it requires. Chest pain, also known as angina, is one of the primary symptoms of this occurrence.

    Acute Coronary Syndrome is one of the signs of coronary heart disease, and it is the direct result of the damage caused by atherosclerosis to the arteries of the heart.

    When a coronary artery becomes too clogged with plaque, the artery may rupture, which leads to a heart attack. A Coronary Artery Syndrome usually develops after one such rupture, caused by the inevitable blood clot that results from it, thus blocking the blood flow through the affected artery.

    Other common ailments that signal the onset of Acute Coronary Syndrome include Q-wave myocardial infarction, non-Q-wave myocardial infarction, non-ST-segment elevation, and unstable angina. These symptoms are considered life threatening, and many people who exhibit them need to be subject to emergency medical attention. This is particularly true as coronary heart disease is responsible for high mortality rates in the United States.

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